'''Aristophanes''' ( or ;
[Jones, Daniel; Roach, Peter, James Hartman and Jane Setter, eds. ''Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary''. 17th edition. Cambridge UP, 2006.]
, ; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion
[Alan Sommerstein, ''Aristophanes: Lysistrata, The Acharnians, The Clouds'', Penguin Books, 1973, page 9]
was a comedy|comic playwright
of Classical Athens|ancient Athens
. Eleven of his forty plays survive virtually complete. These, together with fragments of some of his other plays, provide the only real examples of a genre of comic drama known as Ancient Greek comedy|Old Comedy
, and are used to define it.
[''Aristophanes: Clouds'' K.J.Dover (ed), Oxford University Press 1970, Intro. page X.]
Also known as ''the Father of Comedy''
[''Aristophanes in Performance 421 BC-AD 2007:Peace, Birds and Frogs'' Edith Hall and Amanda Wrigley, Legenda (Oxford) 2007, page 1]